Photovoltaics (PV) is the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry. There are several types of PV including mono/poly, glass and thin lm. PV installation can be done in several places such as the ground mounted, above the water surface (oating) and the rooftop.
A hybrid system is a combination of two or more energy sources such as through Solar Panels (PV), PLN Grid, Gensets and other energy sources. control system functions so that several energy sources can be synchronized into one system.